This chronic disorder affects millions of children buy 150 mg zantac with mastercard, teens buy generic zantac 300mg line, and adults discount zantac 150 mg without a prescription; left untreated, it keeps people from reaching their full life potential. Choose the health care professional who will perform the ADHD assessment on your child carefully. An inexperienced physician or mental health professional can mistake symptoms of other disorders for the signs and symptoms of ADHD. Several other conditions have symptoms similar to some of those associated with ADD. All of these conditions require treatments that are different than those for ADHD. It is important that your child have a correct diagnosis so he or she can get the necessary help. Pediatricians, psychiatrists, and child psychologists use the American Academy of Pediatrics standard guidelines for assessing whether a child has ADHD. Mental health professionals can also use the DSM-IV-TR, published by the American Psychiatric Association, in diagnosing ADHD. Once completed, the doctor will determine whether or not to give an ADD diagnosis to your child or if the issues stem from something else. A minimum of 80 percent of children with ADHD respond positively to at least one of the stimulant ADHD medications available, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). Stimulant ADHD medicines are the most frequently prescribed treatments for ADHD kids. Physicians frequently try multiple ADD medications to find the one that offers the best relief of ADHD symptoms with the least undesirable side effects. Recently, physicians have found success with other types of ADHD medications, such as the non-stimulant drug, Strattera. Stimulant ADHD medications are divided into two classes: methylphenidate-based formulations and amphetamine-based formulations. Methylphenidate-based ADHD medicines include drugs sold under the brand names Ritalin, Concerta, Focalin, and Metadate. Amphetamine-based ADHD medicines include those sold under the brand names Adderall, Dextrostat, Dexedrine, and Vyvanse. The most common side effects associated with stimulant ADD medications include:anorexia (decreased appetite)withdrawal from social activitiesThese ADHD medication side effects usually do not last long and occur early on in the treatment cycle. Physicians can usually reduce these side effects by adjusting dosage amounts. Many stimulant ADD medications come in extended release or long-acting formulations, allowing one morning dose per day versus the two or more doses per day associated with fast-acting stimulants. Many parents voice concern that their child may become dependant upon stimulant ADHD medicines. Studies have shown that stimulant drugs do not pose a dependency risk when prescribed to children and adolescents to treat ADD. Furthermore, the use of these ADD medications in children and adolescents does not increase potential for drug abuse in adulthood. That being said, all stimulant drugs, including ADHD medicines, which fall under a controlled substance classification have the potential for abuse. Doctors should not prescribe them to people with a history of substance abuse. Physicians now have one FDA approved non-stimulant ADHD drug to add to their arsenal of ADHD medications, atomoxetine, sold under the brand name Strattera. Strattera works to balance levels of norepinephrine in the brain and is effective in reducing ADHD symptoms in children. However, unlike stimulant drugs which affect levels of both norepinephrine and dopamine, patients must take Strattera for a longer period before seeing an improvement in ADHD symptoms. Strattera does not cause insomnia, nervous tics, headache, or many other possible side effects associated with stimulant ADD medicines. Common side effects include, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue and possible mood swings. Most of these subside after one or two weeks of consistently taking Strattera. Some experts have reported concerns that long-term use of Strattera can cause growth delays in children and teens. Physicians should monitor growth and weight of patients taking the drug closely. Studies have shown stimulant ADHD medications as highly effective in controlling ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents. Parents need not worry about their child developing a dependence on these medications if administered properly in the treatment of ADHD. However, certain children do not respond well to any of the stimulant medications, often because they have other disorders in addition to ADHD. In these cases, a non-stimulant drug such as Strattera, may prove the best and most effective choice. Most mental health practitioners suggest including behavior modification therapy for ADD, ADHD children in addition to ADD medicines for optimal success in managing ADHD symptoms and behaviors. A primary goal of ADHD therapy is to reduce undesirable symptoms associated with the disorder and improve performance of daily tasks and responsibilities. In addition to treatment with stimulant prescription ADHD medications, ADD therapy can enhance and complement the positive effects of ADHD medication in children. ADD therapy provides counseling and tools that the child can use to help manage his ADHD symptoms. Stimulant drugs, commonly used in treatment of ADHD, seem to work by bringing brain neurotransmitter levels to normal. ADHD medications, while very effective in reducing symptoms, provide only physiological relief to the child. To reach his potential and achieve success, the child must learn a variety of skills, behavior modifications, and how to change destructive thought patterns. Social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, or other mental health professionals provide ADHD therapy for children (see Where to Find ADD Help ). These professionals use a variety of techniques in counseling the ADD child, but ADHD behavioral therapy and ADHD cognitive therapy techniques represent the most common types of ADHD therapy. ADHD Behavior Therapy - The mental health professional teaches parents and children behavior modification strategies that help them cope with challenging situations. Think of these techniques in the context of ABC; wherein, A represents Antecedents, B represents Behaviors, and C represents Consequences. Essentially, ADHD behavior therapy utilizes a basic token-reward system. Antecedents are triggers that occur prior to behaviors. Behaviors are negative things the child does that parents and therapists work to change. Consequences are the interventions consistently imposed by the parents to effectively change the behavior in the future. ADHD Family Therapy - Counselors help parents and siblings of the ADHD child as a group by teaching them how to cope with the pressures and issues that emerge from living with a child with ADHD. Psychotherapy - The discipline of psychotherapy uses ADHD cognitive therapy techniques in addition to other therapeutic strategies. Many children with ADD have co-morbid mental disorders, such as anxiety and depression. The psychotherapist can discuss issues that bother the child and explore negative behaviors, as well as provide ways to reduce the effects of ADD symptoms. Support Groups and Skills Training ??? Parents and children can attend ADD support group meetings, which include skills training and education about ADHD therapy for children. The meetings provide a support network of other families coping with the disorder. Together, they can discuss common issues and experiences with using the various coping skills and strategies. ADHD therapy techniques address a variety of issues associated with ADHD in children. Common issues dealt with during therapy sessions include:destructive thought patternsdifficulties maintaining friendships and other social relationshipsimpatience and impulsivenessFinding a skilled mental health professional with years of experience providing ADHD therapy for children is very important. Another referral source is your county psychological association. Parents can also search through several ADHD practitioner referral sites on the Internet.
Blinder: The causes are of course multi-determined and complex buy zantac 150mg mastercard. There appears to be a moderate genetic component buy zantac 300 mg overnight delivery, certain developmental attachment disturbances which may effect the regulation of many self systems (mood 150 mg zantac, activity, aggression, and eating). Neuro transmitter abnormalities in the hypothalamus (effecting meal size, satiety, and carbohydrate craving, abnormalities in the caudate nucleus affecting food seeking and ritual behaviors). And finally abnormalities in the gastrointestinal--brain stem circuit which may perpetuate vomiting behaviors in bulimia nervosa. Certainly psychosocial and developmental phase (adolescents) may play a promoting role. Bob M: I want to divide the treatment research information into two categories. First, we are interested in knowing what are the latest medications available, or about to be available for eating disorders treatment, and how effective are they? Blinder: The new generation of medications will be very specific in targeting the neuro chemicals (peptides) that initiate, promote, and regulate feeding in the brain. These include Leptin (hormone with origins in the body fat signaling the brain), Neuropeptide Y (strong stimulator of feeding), Orexin (neuro hormone in hypothalamus which strongly stimulates feeding), and Galinin (neuropeptide which stimulates the eating of fat). The new medications will block/regulate/modulate these very specific neurohormones to help in regulation of feeding. Along with behavioral approaches and nutritional counseling we may also have laboratory tests to determine the excess or deficiency of these neuro hormones and thus have a rational approach to treatment for the first time. Bob M: And what about the psychotherapy end of the treatment? Blinder: Guidelines of the American Psychiatric Association stress the cornerstones of nutritional rehabilitation, eating disorder psychotherapy, and medication along with medical and dental follow-up. Cognitive behavioral psychotherapies have the strongest evidence of positive outcome; however, family and psychodynamic therapy is extremely important in younger patients and where there has been developmental complex psychopathology. Where there is chronicity, co-morbitity, and severe developmental complexity, a treatment team should be assembled and the therapeutic approach conducted at the highest level. This may include brief medical/psychiatric hospitalization, an initial period of residential treatment, and a carefully formulated outpatient treatment plan. Limited treatment approaches are definitely not the practice standard in these disorders. Barton Blinder, psychiatrist, Director of the Eating Disorder Program and Research Studies at the University of California. What is the most effective treatment for Anorexia and Bulimia available today? And can one who has an eating disorder, ever expect a full recovery? Blinder: About 2/3 of patients with eating disorders recover in 5 years. However, 10 year follow-up studies have shown persistence of symptoms and rituals, continued medical difficulties, and a rate of suicide 10 times higher than expected for age group. The most effective treatments are those reviewed in the APA Practice Guidelines and those that have valid outcome studies. We must continue to emphasize early detection, proper diagnosis, and the best interventions at each phase of treatment. Most treatment failures are related to difficulties in the intensity of each treatment phase. Blinder does it become harder to recover from an eating disorder the longer you have it? I am 24 and have had an eating disorder ever since I could remember, which is about age 9. Blinder: Chronicity (persistance) of the disorder is a factor that definitely leads to treatment resistance. In most instances there are coexisting psychiatric difficulties (depression, OCD, anxiety) and autobiographical complex factors that need careful psychotherapeutic attention. Often a period of residential treatment as the first phase of a carefully sustained treatment plan can be a turning point. Hope should continue and support and understanding of family and significant others is critical. Relapse occurs in a small percentage, but the more likely course is either reasonable recovery or chronic persistence (subtle/low level/openly apparent). Blinder, can you tell us exactly how an eating disorder is diagnosed? I know that a lot of people think that sufferers of anorexia have to be extremely underweight to be diagnosed with that disorder. Blinder: We have been more liberal with our diagnosis recently (APA DSM IV). Anyone with 15% weight loss or maintaining level below minimum for height and age is current criteria. Obsessive ideas and rituals (including body image disturbance) and unusual food related behaviors are a part of the picture. The important thing is that the behavior is daily, unrelenting, and leads to nutritional decline and psychosocial handicap. KJ: Information that I am receiving are things I already know. Blinder: The fear of fat is a "code word" for a complex set of obsessions about the body and bodily control. This includes dissatisfaction with self, unusual body experiences, and pervasive sense of ineffectiveness in self care. Therefore the fear of fat is not a simple phobia, but a complicated disturbance of self perceptive regulation that needs understanding attention, slow building of trust in small steps (nutritional and psychotherapy), and restoring of hope and morale for the possibility of another approach to daily living. I went over a year without symptoms of bulimia and then relapsed a year ago. Blinder: We are just completing a national, multi center study of SSRI ( Prozac ) in bulimia nervosa relapse prevention. The data will be analyzed in the next 6 months and the results available next year. Subjects received medication or placebo for 1 year, following their initial excellent response to the medication. It is almost as if you are drugging them to get them to stop purging, etc. Blinder: Medication really helps by reducing carbohydrate craving, meal size, food on the mind, depression, and obsessional/ritual behaviors. Along with cognitive behavioral interventions and other psychotherapies, the patients appear to have a better chance to succeed in self regulation. Studies showing the effectiveness of psychotherapy alone, I believe, have limitations in their design and convey the wrong impression of the seriousness and suffering of this illness. Boofer: I have found that the need to purge comes when I feel fear or extreme anger. Is there a common factor to these feelings in bulimia? Blinder: Mood-linked eating disturbance is very common. Triggers are detachment, depression, anxiety, anger. The way this operates is complex---through mental images/memories and a complicated connection to the neuro hormones which stimulate and inhibit feeding. Blinder: Sometimes "gentle" intervention-like methods are helpful involving friends and family often arranging for the presence of a professional, if feasible. Giving the person understandable written information, reference to a personal published memoir or even websites that are informative. Starting with a physical exam can often be a less threatening initial pathway to treatment. Bob M: By the way Gloria, Amy Medina- who is actually "Something Fishy" will be here tomorrow night to share her battle with anorexia...
Through the Medicare website buy zantac 300 mg with amex, people can alsofind out if they are eligible for Medicare and when they can enrolllearn about their Medicare health plan optionsfind out what Medicare coversfind a Medicare Prescription Drug Plancompare Medicare health plan options in their areafind a doctor who participates in Medicareget information about the quality of care provided by nursing homes generic zantac 150 mg overnight delivery, hospitals discount 150mg zantac free shipping, home health agencies, and dialysis facilitiesCalling 1-800-MEDICARE (1-800-633-4227) is another way to get help with Medicare questions, order free publications, and more. Help is available 24 hours a day, every day, and is available in English, Spanish, and other languages. Medicare information can also be obtained from the following agencies or programs:Each state has a State Health Insurance Assistance Program (SHIP) that provides free health insurance counseling. SHIP counselors can help people choose a Medicare health plan or a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan. The phone number for the SHIP in each state is available by by calling Medicare or visiting www. People can contact the agency at 1-800-772-1213, visit its web-site at www. State Medical Assistance (Medicaid) offices in each state can provide information about help for people with Medicare who have limited income and resources. People who enroll in Medicare can register for MyMedicare. People can view their claims, order forms and publications, and see a description of covered preventive services. Help for Diabetics with Medicare Who Have Limited Income and ResourcesDiabetics who have Medicare and have limited income and resources may qualify for help paying for some health care and prescription drug costs from one of the following programs:Extra help paying for Medicare prescription drug coverage. Those who meet certain income requirements may qualify for extra help from Medicare to pay prescription drug costs. People can apply for this help by calling Social Security; visiting www. Several states have SPAPs that help certain people pay for prescription drugs. Each SPAP makes its own rules about how to provide drug coverage to its members. State Medicaid programs help pay medical costs for some people with Medicare who have limited income and resources. States also have programs called Medicare Savings Programs that pay Medicare premiums and, in some cases, may also pay Medicare Part A and Part B deductibles and coinsurance. The phone number for the State Medical Assistance (Medicaid) office for each state can be obtained by calling Medicare. Medicaid, also called Medical Assistance, is a joint federal and state government program that helps pay medical costs for some people with limited income and resources. Medicaid programs and income limits for Medicaid vary from state to state. The State Medical Assistance (Medicaid) office can help people find out whether they qualify for Medicaid or provide more information about Medicaid programs. To contact a state Medicaid office, people cancheck the government pages of the phone book for the local department of human services or department of social services, which can provide the needed informationSCHIP is a federal and state government partnership to expand health coverage to uninsured children from families with income that is too low to afford private or employer-sponsored health insurance but too high to qualify for Medicaid. The free or low-cost coverage is available to eligible children younger than 19. SCHIP provides an extensive package of benefits including doctor visits, hospital care, and more. People who are not eligible for Medicare or Medicaid may be able to purchase private health insurance. Many insurers consider diabetes that has already been diagnosed a pre-existing condition, so finding coverage may be difficult for people with diabetes. Insurance companies often have a specific waiting period during which they do not cover diabetes-related expenses for new enrollees, although they will cover other medical expenses that arise during this time. Many states now require insurance companies to cover diabetes supplies and education. The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA), passed by Congress in 1996, limits insurance companies from denying coverage because of a pre-existing condition. Some state offices may be called the state insurance department or commission. This office can also help identify an insurance company that offers individual coverage. The Georgetown University Health Policy Institute offers consumer guides on health insurance topics, including guides for each state about getting and keeping health insurance. When leaving a job, a person may be able to continue the group health insurance provided by the employer for up to 18 months under a federal law called the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, or COBRA. People pay more for group health insurance through COBRA than they did as employees, but group coverage is cheaper than individual coverage. People who have a disability before becoming eligible for COBRA or who are determined by the Social Security Administration to be disabled within the first 60 days of COBRA coverage may be able to extend COBRA coverage an additional 11 months, for up to 29 months of coverage. Department of Labor at 1-866-4-USA-DOL (1-866-487-2365) or visiting www. Some professional and alumni organizations offer group coverage for members. Most states have a high-risk health insurance pool or other means for covering people otherwise unable to get health insurance. Information about high-risk pools is available at www. Some insurance companies also offer stopgap policies designed for people who are between jobs. Each state insurance regulatory office can provide more information about these and other options. Information about consumer health plans is also available at the U. The Bureau of Primary Health Care, a service of the Health Resources and Services Administration, offers primary and preventive health care to medically underserved populations through community health centers. For people with no insurance, fees for care are based on family size and income. The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) runs hospitals and clinics that serve veterans who have service-related health problems or who simply need financial aid. Veterans who would like to find out more about VA health care can call 1-800-827-1000 or visit www1. Many local governments have public health departments that can help people who need medical care. People who are uninsured and need hospital care may be able to get help from a program known as the Hill-Burton Act. Although the program originally provided hospitals with federal grants for modernization, today it provides free or reduced-fee medical services to people with low incomes. The Department of Health and Human Services administers the program. More information is available by calling 1-800-638-0742 (1-800-492-0359 in Maryland) or visiting www. Kidney failure, also called end-stage renal disease, is a complication of diabetes. People of any age with kidney failure can get Medicare Part A?hospital insurance?if they meet certain criteria. To qualify for Medicare on the basis of kidney failure, a person musthave had a kidney transplanthave worked long enough?or be the dependent child or spouse of someone who has worked long enough?under Social Security, the Railroad Retirement Board, or as a government employeebe receiving?or be the spouse or dependent child of a person who is receiving?Social Security, Railroad Retirement, or Office of Personnel Management benefitsPeople with Medicare Part A can also get Medicare Part B. However, a person needs to have both Part A and Part B for Medicare to cover certain dialysis and kidney transplant services. More information about dialysis and transplantation is available bycalling Social Security at 1-800-772-1213 or visiting www. A free nylon filament?similar to a bristle on a hairbrush?is available to check feet for nerve damage. The filament, with instructions for use, can be obtained by calling 1-888-ASK-HRSA (1-888-275-4772) or by accessing www. More information is available at the Medicare website at www. Drug companies that sell insulin or diabetes medications usually have patient assistance programs. Such programs are available only through a physician. The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America and its member companies sponsor an interactive website with information about drug assistance programs at www. Also, because programs for the homeless sometimes provide aid, people can contact a local shelter for more information about how to obtain free medications and medical supplies.
Medical professionals treat this type of meth withdrawal with "supportive measures cheap zantac 300 mg with amex. Crystal meth withdrawal symptoms seen in short-term meth use include:Crystal meth withdrawal from long-term use buy generic zantac 300mg, assuming no additional complications generic 150mg zantac with visa, is also generally not life-threatening. Methamphetamine withdrawal symptoms may be self-limiting in that they cease shortly after the addict stops using meth but some meth withdrawal symptoms can be longer lasting and require treatment by one or more medical professionals. Crystal meth withdrawal symptoms seen after long-term meth use:Depression (often treatment-resistant)Anxiety, agitation, restlessnessExcessive sleeping, deep sleeping, sleep cycle disruptionVivid or lucid dreams (typically unpleasant)Psychosis (resembling schizophrenia)Often, a person undergoing meth withdrawal will present in the emergency room with the following meth withdrawal symptoms: Depressed, suicidal thoughtsFlat, unemotional affect, withdrawnPoor insight and judgment Treatment for crystal meth withdrawal symptoms, as seen in long-term meth addicts, often consists of supportive measures also. However, due to the increased severity of the meth withdrawal symptoms, there are additional precautions. Treatment for meth withdrawal in the case of long-term use includes:Treatment of any psychosis with the use of antipsychotic medicationTreatment of depressions lasting longer than two weeks with antidepressantsTreatment of anxiety lasting longer than two weeks with tranquilizers (nonbenzodiazepines)Treatment of mania lasting longer than two weeks with an antimanic drug such as lithiumSleep medication for 1-2 weeksCareful assessment of any suicidal thoughtsHTTP/1. There are many meth symptoms and meth signs noticeable in meth addiction, as meth addiction effects the users both psychologically and physically. Many crystal meth symptoms can put a person in a hospital or even cause death. Meth symptoms vary with amount of meth used, method of ingestion and the other factors. General, psychological methamphetamine symptoms during meth use include: Anxiety, irritability, aggression, paranoiaIncreased concentrationSelf-esteem, self-confidence, grandiosityHallucinations, psychosisMethamphetamine symptoms are also common physically, and again vary by individual. Physical methamphetamine symptoms include:Restlessness, hyperactivityTwitching, tremors, numbness, repetitive and obsessive behaviorsDilated pupils, flushingIncreased body temperature, sweatingBlurred vision, dizzinessDry and/or itchy skin, acneConvulsions, heart attack, stroke, death Methamphetamine symptoms during withdrawal are rarely life-threatening in and of themselves, but crystal meth symptoms during withdrawal can cause states where a person may be a threat to themselves or others. These methamphetamine symptoms may require short-term hospitalization. Methamphetamine symptoms during withdrawal include:While the meth addict themselves is going through many meth addiction symptoms while using and withdrawing from the drug, only some of these meth addiction symptoms can be seen by others. The most obvious meth addiction symptoms are the signs of most addictions: loss of money and secretive behavior. The longer a person uses meth, however, the more obvious signs of meth addiction become. Signs of meth addiction include: Irritability, nervousness, paranoia, fear, violent behaviorWide mood swings, depression, suicidal ideationSignificant weight lossIrregular sleep patternDental problems including tooth lossImpairment in thinking and memory; inattentionPsychosis (may be treatment-resistant)HTTP/1. Refined, processed foods trigger the addictive response in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease of addiction to food. Possibly you experienced depressed mood or irritability. Therefore, food addiction recovery is built upon making appropriate food choices on a daily basis. The result of good food choices is a body free of all substances that will trigger an addictive response. Abstinence, according to Sheppard, is planning what to eat and eating what is planned. This is the foundation of food addiction recovery upon which a successful life is built. Abstinence is achieved by the elimination of compulsive eating, volume eating, under eating, addictive eating, and all of the substances that will trigger an addictive response. These include highly refined carbohydrate foods, high fat foods, and personal trigger foods. Sheppard advises people who want food addiction help to take a look at the addictive substances in a general way. All addictive substances have gone through the refinement process. Several options are available in the treatment of food addiction. These include consulting a nutritionist, doctor, psychologist, counselor, or eating disorder specialist. In addition, 12-step groups, such Overeaters Anonymous (OA) and Food Addicts in Recovery Anonymous, have meetings in many regions or online. Some tips for avoiding bouts of compulsive eating include:Knowing which situations trigger your cravings and avoiding them if possibleDrinking at least 64 ounces of water per dayRelaxing with deep breathing exercises or meditationTrying to distract yourself until the compulsion to eat passesIf you believe that your food or eating addiction is causing problems in your life, seek medical assistance immediately. The question " how to stop binge eating " deserves not one answer, but many. A key component in the quest to stop compulsive overeating can be the use of binge eating disorder support groups such as Compulsive Eaters Anonymous or Overeaters Anonymous. Binge eating disorder directly affects about 2% of the population (more binge eating statistics ) and can cause many health problems, most notably surrounding obesity. These feelings can make their binge eating disorder worse. Binge eating disorder support groups offer help and education in a nonjudgmental environment where the overeater knows everyone around them and personally knows their struggles in dealing with this condition. No matter what path of binge eating treatment a person chooses, one thing all experts agree on is that someone battling this illness needs a strong support system. A binge eating support group can be an excellent part of the support system helping someone to stop binge eating. Support groups help binge eaters by offering hope, encouragement and advice on coping with this troubling problem. Binge eating disorder support groups also:Provide a warm, friendly environmentMay share stories of people who successfully stopped binge eatingCan be there for the overeater long-termCompulsive eating or overeating support groups take many forms in an effort to help people manage their recovery. They may be lead by a health care professional or a volunteer. Two volunteer organizations are Overeaters Anonymous and Compulsive Eaters Anonymous. Overeaters Anonymous meetings (often just called OA meetings) are similar to those of Compulsive Eaters Anonymous. Overeaters Anonymous and OA meetings are built around a 12-step program derived from Alcoholics Anonymous. Both groups treat compulsive eating as an addiction, like alcoholism. OA meetings only require a desire to stop binge eating to attend. Overeaters Anonymous and Compulsive Eaters Anonymous share the same 12 steps and 12 traditions. Additionally, these support groups help binge eaters in many ways. Offer a program of recoveryOffer worldwide meetingsAddress the physical, emotional and spiritual needs of a person with binge eating disorderProvide a sponsor - a person that will help the overeater when neededCharge no fees, making the binge eating support group meetings available to anyone wanting to recoverInformation from ED Referral on eating disorder (including binge eating) support groupsAddiction facts and statistics reveal a nation that is overcome with a variety of addictions (see: Types of Addictions ). Cigarettes and alcohol are the most common addictions and can be seen throughout the population, although addiction statistics show they are slightly more common in lower socioeconomic classes. Addiction facts and statistics on alcohol and tobacco include: Alcoholism is present in 20% of adult hospital inpatients Alcohol abuse and dependency occurs in about 7. Impulse control disorders mimic addiction in that they are an obsessive impulse that people compulsively act on. Few people meet the criteria for an impulse control disorder. Some facts and statistics about impulse control disorders include: Kleptomania (compulsion to steal) ??? a prevalence of 0. Pyromania (compulsion to start fires) ??? considered extremely rare and is more prevalent in men. Gambling (pathological) ??? is present in an estimated 3% of people. While 30% of those with this impulse control disorder are women, they make up only 2% - 4% of the Gamblers Anonymous membership. Intermittent explosive disorder (compulsive aggressive and assaultive acts) ??? considered very rare with men making up 80% of the population. The National Institute on Drug Abuse and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration both conduct surveys to report on teen drug use and addiction facts and statistics. Some of the facts and statistics on teen drug use include:51% of US teenagers have tried an illicit drug by the time they finish high school. Two years running inhalant use has increased in 8th graders; 17. About 10% of 12th graders reported non-medical use of hydrocodone (Vicodin) in 2004 and 5% reported non-medical use of oxycodone (Oxycontin).
University of Arkansas, Fayetteville. 2019.
Richmond Rascals. 12 Richmond Hill. Richmond-Upon-Thames. TW10 6QX tel: 020 8948 2250